Asian American and Pacific Islander(AAPI) Heritage Month: A Webquest

Oceans: A Webquest: World Ocean Day is 6/8.

Jacques Cousteau, A Reader's Theater Script: World Ocean Day is 6/8.

Flag Day and History of Our Flag(Flag Day is 6/8)

A Bundle of Reader's Theater Scripts on Famous Women

A Bundle of Readings on Famous Women

STEM BIOGRAPHIES, Reader's Theater Scripts

Everything has a History!)*also sold individually

Civics:Learn about Our Government: A Bundle of Resources!

U.S. Landmarks!

World Landmarks!

FAKE News!Can you Tell The REAL News?

My Book- Fashion Rules!

My Book-Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

Visit My Boom Card Store

Purple Turtle Premium Home Schooling Program. Click for subscription information!

Click Here for catalog:Social Studies School Service/Resources for Teachers, Parents,counselors,more!

Reader's Theater Scripts(Biographies in Ancient History):

Click here to learn more:Rader's Theater Scripts (Biographies in US History)


Is That FAKE News?

Anti-Bullying Resources

Need a quick activity?
Bell Ringers!

In the News!
Updated regularly

Mrs. Portulaca Purpilopilis

and the Purple Adventure Goggles


The Wooden Cookie Box Story The Wooden Cookie Box

DBQ Activities!

Facts to Wow your Friends!

World Landmarks: Lots of fun things to use with your students!

Teaching Ideas!


Geography Activities

Geography Ideas!

Purpleannie's Travels

Crossword Puzzles!

Short Reads of interest

Dive into Career Choices

Teaching Tips A-Z

Mrs. Waffenschmidt
Science Fun!




Landmarks from Around the World

Calender of Resources for the Year:

Mail Gail:
Gail Hennessey

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"Remember no one can make you feel inferior without your consent."

Eleanor Roosevelt

"If I can not do great things, I can do small things in a great way."Martin Luther King Jr.

"The school is the last expenditure upon which America should be willing to compromise."FDR

"If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest."(Ben Franklin)

"You must be the change you want to see in the world."(Mahatma Gandhi)

"School is a building that has four walls-with tomorrow inside."(Lon Watters)

"We know the future will outlast all of us, but I believe that all of us will live on in the future we make."(Senator Ted Kennedy)

"The purpose of life is a life of purpose." (Robert Byrne)

"The purpose of life is to amount to something and have it make some difference that you lived at all."(Dear Abby)

8/28/2021: Fashion Rules! was a finalist in the 2021 American Book Fest, Children's Picture Book: Hardcover Fiction. So Exciting!

7/2021: Fashion Rules! won Honorable Mention for Picture Books 6 and older by Purple Dragonfly Book Awards!

8/1/2020: My latest book, Fashion Rules!, my latest book from Red Chair Press. Click here:
Fashion Rules!

11/2020: Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps has won another children's book award,a Northern Lights Book Award Winner! Thank you!

7/2020:Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps won a 1st place Purple Dragonfly Book Award in the Picture Books 6 & Older category. Thank you, Story Monsters!

3/24/20:Excited to have my latest children's book, Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps, chosen as a 2019 Story Monster Approved winner!

Check out Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps which is available at and Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

History is full of fascinating stories of colorful characters, but some of the most interesting parts of history are really odd. You have probably seen scenes of government officials with their powdered white wigs, but in 1700s England and high-society in the American colonies, women created towering hairstyles. Decorations such as ships and flowers were sometimes added to their hairdos, especially if attending a big party. Taking hours to create, women used beef tallow and sugar-water to keep their hairdos in place. This fictional account explains a very real fashion trend and the problems it created for women trying to look stylish!

MAY/JUNE Freebies:

FREEBIES: 1. Endangered Species Day is May(21st) Endangered Species, Freebie
2. Space Day is 5/7:Space, Freebie
3. Rhino Fun Facts: Rhino Factoids
4. World Ocean Day is 6/8: Oceans Freebie
5. Famous Games of Ancient Greece: Famous Games of Ancient Greece, a Freebie
6. Tulip Day is May 13th: Tulips,a Freebie
7. Amazing Book Facts: World Book Day. Amazing Book Factoids

8. TREES(great for Arbor Day) Interactive Notebook Activity: Tree Factoids

9. Ice Cream Fun Facts: ICE CREAM FUN FACTOIDS

Highlighted MAY and JUNE Resources:

1.Studying folklore? Leprechaun Day is May 13th(YES...there is such a day!)This fun/informative play has Ms. Bie Ografee's guest being McSean, a leprechaun. McSean is asked questions by the studio audience about the country of Ireland and the long Irish folklore about leprechauns. Great for a unit on folk stories/folklore or as an activity around St. Patrick's Day. The play has 11 questioners, a Did You Know? section, comprehension questions, a teacher page with extension activities and links as well as the key: A Visit with a Leprechaun, A Reader's Theater Script:A Visit with a Leprechaun

2 . May 29th: Sir Edmound Hillary and his Guide, Tenzing Norgay (1953) Reach Top of Mount Everest. Learn about Mt. Everest, Nepal and the Yeti with this webquest: Mt. Everest! A Webquest:Mt. Everest, A WebquestCheck out my Reader's Theater Script on Sir Edmund HillarySir Edmund Hillary, A Reader's Theater Script

3. NEW: Ada Lovelace: Woman Mathematician/First Computer Programmer:Ada Lovelace: First Computer Programmer, A Reading Passage

4. Show kids that EVERYTHING has a history, even TULIPS! Reading passage and activities: Everything has a History, Even TULIPS

5. World Ocean Day is June 8th: Learn about the Oceans, a Webquest
Learn about Jacques Cousteau with this Reader’s Theater Script: Jacques Cousteau, A Reader's Theater Script

6. Lewis and Clark began their famous expedition 5/14 Webquest/ Reader's Theater Script. A Reader's Theater Script
Here is a web quest on Lewis and Clark, too. Lewis and Clark, A Webquest

7. Space Day is 5/7: Learn about the Final Frontier,Space, with this web quest:Space, the Final Frontier, a WebquestLearn about the first men to walk on the moon with this Reader's Theater Script: Learn about Katherine Johnson with this Reader's Theater script, physicist, space scientists and mathematician, who played a very important role with NASA's early space missions. Katherine Johnson, the Computer that Wore a Skirt

8. The Blue Planet: A Webquest(Good for Earth Day and Endangered Species Day): Planet Earth, A Webquest

9. Memorial Day is 5/31: Learn about the history of the American Flag with this web quest: The American Flag, A Webquest

10.With Flay Day coming in June, check out myFlag Day Webquest. my Star Spangled Banner Webquest.

11. End of the Year Activity: Learn about some of the famous landmarks around the world. This web quest includes: Uluru Rock, Great Wall of China, Machu Picchu, Mt. Everest, Dead Sea, Rock of Gibraltar, Great Pyramid, Suez Canal. Stonehenge, Sahara Desert,Abu Simbel, Easter Island and Angkor Wat. There are comprehension questions and several extension activities:

12.Taj Mahal:Explore World Landmarks are great to introduce kids to some popular world landmarks around the world. .With writing in the content area, the short activities can also be used in Language Arts classes, too! About one page of reading, discussion questions,mapskill activity and extension activities.

13.Eiffel Tower:Explore World Landmarks introduce kids to some popular world landmarks. About one page of reading, discussion questions, mapskill activity and extension activities all help students learn some informative facts about famous world landmarks in the world.

14.Uluru(Ayers Rock):Explore World Landmarks are great to introduce kids to some popular world landmarks around the world. Great for a Friday activity, for social studies/LA classes or when you are going to have a substitute. About one page of reading, discussion questions,mapskill activity and extension activities all help students learn some informative facts about famous world landmarks in the world.Ayers/Uluru Rock.

15.Fun End of the reading reading.Everything has a history…even HAIR.This humorous historical fiction shares the custom of 18th century wealthy women wearing very towering hairstyles.Sugar water/beef tallow kept hair in place so bugs and mice were attracted to the hair.What if a MOUSE jumped out of YOUR hair into a fancy teacup or scurried down your back as you were dancing at the ball?What to do?Comprehension/extension activities:

16. Learn about the Statue of Liberty with this web quest:Statue of Liberty, A Webquest

READINGS on Famous Women:Phillis Wheatley(poet),Aida De Acosta(first woman to fly a powered aircraft), Sojourner Truth(abolitionist, women's rights activist, author), Joan of Arc,Caroline Herschel, Mary Annings,Aglaonike(Greek Astronomer), Hypatia(First Known Woman Mathematician), Agnodice(First Female Doctor?), Enheduanna(First Known Poet), Sophie Brahe(Astronomer and Horticulturist of the Renaissance), Hildegard of Bingen (first musical play, write/abbess of the Middle Ages), Artemesia(Female Naval Commander-Persian War)

Click here:Gail's TpT Store

Bookmark Bios!Great for a bell ringer activity for Women's History Month.Click here to purchase:Bookmark Bios! Women in Modern Times(1700s on)
Check out FREEBIE of TWO Bookmark Bios:Sample of TWO Bookmark Bios

Use my THINGY letters to have kids write spelling words, vocabulary words or as an art activity! Have students try and guess what some of the THINGY Letters are.(also have Black/White option):ClipArt: Alphabet Thingy Letters!

Check out my series of Children's Books from Aadarsh Publishing!

  • Colour Fairies: Go Go's Flying Lesson
  • Colour Fairies: Yay Yay Gets Her Wand

  • Check out my blog on Education World: Click here:EducationWorld Blogger

    My Latest Reader's Theater Scripts:Go to the link and click "Preview" to see a sample of the Reader's Theater Script you may find of interest:
  • The Vikings: A Visit with Erik the Red and Leif Eriksson:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Marco Polo
  • Columbus,a Reader's Theater Script
  • Ferdinand Magellan, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Louisa May Alcott, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Galileo Galilei, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Moon Landing!A Reader's Theater Script
  • Wright Brothers: A Reader's Theater Script
  • World War 2 FEMALE Pilots(WASP)
  • Frederick Douglass
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • Civil War: Women Soldiers, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Mathew Brady, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Crusades
  • Sir Isaac Newton, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Lewis and Clark: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Constitution: A Visit with James Madison, "Father of the Constitution: A Reader's Theater Script
  • A Visit with Joshua Crabtree,An American Revolutionary War Tory: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Charles Dickens: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Johnny Appleseed:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Albert Einstein: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Rachel Carson: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Katherine Johnson:Scientist/Mathematician
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • George Washington Carver: The Peanut Man
  • Thomas Edison, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Marie Curie,Scientist
  • Jacques Cousteau, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Revolutionary War Spies(Culper Spy Ring).A Visit with Female Agent 355
  • A California Gold Rush Prospector!
  • Elizabeth Blackwell, First Woman Doctor
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • William Shakespeare
  • Bessie Coleman,Aviator
  • Marian Anderson
  • Leonardo da Vinci,"Renaissance Man!"
  • Michelangelo!
  • Sacagawea
  • Sequoyah
  • Tuskegee Airman!
  • The Bus Ride That Changed History(A Visit with Rosa Parks)
  • Harriet Tubman

  • Simon,A Victim of the Black Death
  • Abraham Lincoln

  • Love Brewster,Interview with a Pilgrim

  • McSean, the Leprechaun, A Reader's Theater Script


    I remember the saying "Sticks and stones may break your bones but names can never hurt you". Personally, I never thought this to be true. Words are very powerful and negative words can hurt-a lot! Each day, thousands of young people experience some sort of bullying, either in words and/or actions. These two sites have great resources which might be of help to classroom teachers, parents and young people:
    Stop Bullying!
    Click here to learn more about Anti-Bullying Activities to use in the classroom.Stand up to Bullying!

    To any young people visiting my website. Please,if you are being bullied, seek help...SPEAK TO AN ADULT today!And, if you SEE something that looks like bullying-SAY something to an adult!

    Check out my Pinterest page to see all my resources in one easy place!Click here to learn more:Gail's Social Studies Emporium(and More)

    IN THE NEWS:5/15/2022:

    A little boy in Great Britain was looking for shells with his dad when he made an amazing discovery lying in the sand and pebbles. Sammy Shelton, 6,found a HUGH tooth of a megalodon. The giant carnivore, the largest sea shark ever to exist, became extinct over 65 million years. It is estimated that the megalodon could have measured 60 ft. in length.The black tooth is about 4 inches long and could be over 20 million years old! An evolutionary biologist at the University of East Anglia,Norwich, Great Britain, Ben Garrod, confirmed the discovery. Sammy has been showing the tooth to his friends and likes to sleep with it near his bed at night.Garrod said it is quite rare to find a tooth of a megalodon, especially along the coast of Great Britain. Photograph from BBC

    Archaeologists have discovered the longest known painting done by Indigenous Americas. A 10 ft.long diamond rattlesnake, dating back 1000 years, was found with other drawings, including human figures, in a cave in the state of Alabama. Scientists say the cave art is also the largest such collection of cave art created by Indigenous Americans. Carved into the rocks, the drawings have all but disappeared. Originally found in 1998, the paintings were made clearer using technology called photogrammetry. The location of the cave is being kept a secret.

    Photograph from artnews

    Scientists have revealed that the remains of a 205 million year old ichthyosaur have been found 9000 ft. above the ocean, in the SWISS ALPS! The sea creature's vertebrae (eight),ten rib bone pieces and a tooth, were found in rocks near Davos, Switzerland, in the Chrachenhorn Mountains. Ichthyosaurs could reach 65 length and weigh up to 80 tons. The fossil remains, originally discovered back in the 19702 and 1980s, were recently identified as that of the "fish lizard". It is hoped that more of the ichthyosaur will eventually be unearthed.

    Photograph from dailymail.

    So much plastic litter the land and waters. It is estimated that less than 10% of all plastics are recycled. Scientists at the University of Texas(Austin) has developed a "Pac-Man" protein that munches on plastic, breaking them down, potentially helping to eliminate the growing plastic pollution problem. Specifically, the protein eats PET(polyethylene terephthalate) found in many products made with plastic. The scientists say that the protein actually broke down the plastic is less than one day!

    Photograph from

    Recently, a hologram of a NASA Flight Surgeon was beamed up to the International Space Station. The technology called "holoportation" allowed Dr. Josef Schmid to talk with the astronauts, "shake" hands with a French astronaut and even take a selfie with the astronauts. Scientists hope this technology will be another way of bringing people together. Dr. Schmid was able to travel about 250 miles above the Earth, to the ISS, which is traveling 17,500 mph, without leaving his office at NASA!

    PhotographPhotograph from CNET

    Using ground penetrating radar, scientists have discovered an old Viking ship dating back to possibly 793-1066 AD. The 30 ft. long by 5 ft. wide ship was big enough to hold six men. It is approximately 30 feet under the ground. It was found in western Norway. It is thought that the "boat grave ship" was the resting place for a very important person due to the size of the ship. When excavated, scientists are hoping to also find treasures belonging to the individual. The location of the ship is where a highway is planned to be construction.

    Photograph from DailyMail

    Scientists are doing trials to see how teeny robots injected into the body might be able to treat areas that are difficult to access, specifically, cancers of the brain.Magnets are used to move the robots, only a few millimeters in length, to the needed area. Once at the location of a tumor or cyst, the robot burst the growth. Today, most treatments using radiation and drugs, effect the entire body.The technology has been given permission for human trials after being tested on pigs and sheep.Many years ago, writer Isaac Asimov wrote about scientists reduced in size traveling inside the human body in a tiny space vehicle. His books was called Fantastic Voyage.

    Photograph from Dailymail

    In 2022, Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson made history as the first African American female being confirmed to the U.S. Supreme Court. There have been 115 Supreme Court justices as of 2021! Justice Jackson becomes only the 6th woman to become a Supreme Court Justice. It is also the FIRST time there will be four women, out of the nine justices, on the Supreme Court! Learn more with this freebie:Supreme Court Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson

    About Gail:

    I retired from teaching after 33 1/2 years in the classroom. Of that time, I taught Grade 6 Social Studies teacher for 31 1/2 years.I earned my BA in early secondary education with a concentration in social studies from SUNY Oneonta, New York, and my MST in social studies education from Binghamton University in New York. In 1988, I was awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Classroom Teacher of the Year Award from the New York State Council for the Social Studies. Additionally, in 1988, I was also awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Teacher of the Year Award by the National Council for the Social Studies. I am the author of 8 books for teachers and over 35 books for children(Purple Turtle Series by Aadarsh Publishing and Odd History Series by Red Chair Press).

    My work has appeared in most children's publications including:
    Appleseeds,Scholastic's Super Science,Scholastic's Science World,Highlights for Children,Jack and Jill,National Geographic World, Ranger Rick, Cobblestone, Faces, Muse Magazine,Contact Kids, US Kids,Action Magazine(Scholastic),Girls' Life,Boys' Life,American Girl, Instructor,Creative Classroom,Middle Years,Time for Kids,Scholastic News,Scholastic News Zone, Time for Kids , Ask Magazine, Dig,Calliope, Cobblestone, FACES, Studies Weekly, Glo Adventurer, and more.

    * Special thanks to EducationWorld for letting me use this image of my "alter ego" as Mrs. "Waffenschmidt!