Summer Olympics, Learn about the Host country of FRANCE

Famous Games of Ancient Greece(A Webquest)

FAKE News!Can you Tell The REAL News?

Rachel Carson, A Reader's Theater Script

A Bundle of Reader's Theater Scripts on Famous Women

William Shakespeare,a Reader's Theater Script(Birthday 4/23)

A Bundle of Readings on Famous Women

Ada Lovelace, First Computer Programmer(A Reading)

History of Candy, A Webquest!

Mesopotamia: A Bundle of Resources

Phoenicians, A Bundle of Resources

ALL Things Egyptian!

Revolutionary War Bundle

Civil War Bundle

Learn About Our Government Bundle

Writers: A Bundle of Reader's Theater Scripts

STEM BIographies! 6 Reader's Theater Scripts

STEM BIOGRAPHIES, Reader's Theater Scripts (Part 2)

Everything has a History!)*also sold individually

Civics:Learn about Our Government: A Bundle of Resources!

U.S. Landmarks!

World Landmarks!

My Book- Fashion Rules!

My Book-Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

Reader's Theater Scripts(Biographies in Ancient History):

Click here to learn more:Reader's Theater Scripts (Biographies in US History)


Is That FAKE News?

Anti-Bullying Resources

Need a quick activity?
Bell Ringers!

In the News!
Updated regularly

Mrs. Portulaca Purpilopilis

and the Purple Adventure Goggles


The Wooden Cookie Box Story The Wooden Cookie Box

DBQ Activities!

Facts to Wow your Friends!

World Landmarks: Lots of fun things to use with your students!

Teaching Ideas!


Geography Activities

Geography Ideas!

Purpleannie's Travels

Crossword Puzzles!

Short Reads of interest

Dive into Career Choices

Teaching Tips A-Z

Mrs. Waffenschmidt
Science Fun!




Landmarks from Around the World

Calender of Resources for the Year:

Mail Gail:
Mailbox Gail Hennessey

The official U.S. time - snapshot

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by The JavaScript Source


Germany,2019, Sunflowers(2022)
River Cruise,2022

Welcome to My Website for Educators!


Try doing an act of kindness for someone, today!



"If I can not do great things, I can do small things in a great way."Martin Luther King Jr.

"The school is the last expenditure upon which America should be willing to compromise."FDR

"If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest."(Ben Franklin)

"You must be the change you want to see in the world."(Mahatma Gandhi)

"School is a building that has four walls-with tomorrow inside."(Lon Watters)

"We know the future will outlast all of us, but I believe that all of us will live on in the future we make."(Senator Ted Kennedy)

"The purpose of life is a life of purpose." (Robert Byrne)

"The purpose of life is to amount to something and have it make some difference that you lived at all."(Dear Abby)

8/28/2021: Fashion Rules! was a finalist in the 2021 American Book Fest, Children's Picture Book: Hardcover Fiction. So Exciting!

7/2021: Fashion Rules! won Honorable Mention for Picture Books 6 and older by Purple Dragonfly Book Awards!

8/1/2020: My latest book, Fashion Rules!, my latest book from Red Chair Press. Click here:
Fashion Rules!

11/2020: Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps has won another children's book award,a Northern Lights Book Award Winner! Thank you!

7/2020:Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps won a 1st place Purple Dragonfly Book Award in the Picture Books 6 & Older category. Thank you, Story Monsters!

3/24/20:Excited to have my latest children's book, Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps, chosen as a 2019 Story Monster Approved winner!

Check out Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps which is available at and Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

History is full of fascinating stories of colorful characters, but some of the most interesting parts of history are really odd. You have probably seen scenes of government officials with their powdered white wigs, but in 1700s England and high-society in the American colonies, women created towering hairstyles. Decorations such as ships and flowers were sometimes added to their hairdos, especially if attending a big party. Taking hours to create, women used beef tallow and sugar-water to keep their hairdos in place. This fictional account explains a very real fashion trend and the problems it created for women trying to look stylish!

Highlighted FREEBIES for SUMMER:

1. Famous Games(for Paris 2024 Summer Olympics): Famous Games of Ancient Greece
2. Tour de France 2024: Tour De France 2024
3. Fake News: Fake News
4. Flag Freebie: Flag Freebie
5. Giraffe: Giraffe Freebie
6. Ice Cream: Ice Cream Fun Facts
7. World Ocean Day is June 8th:World Ocean Day Freebie


Why not try a play on a famous person in science, English literature and history? All plays are also sold separately.

Famous Writers:

1. Bundle of famous Writers: Famous Writers, Plays
2. Famous Women in History: Famous Women in History,Plays
3.Famous People in Science 1: Famous Scientists, Plays
4. Famous People in Science 2: Famous Scientists, Plays-More
5. Jules Verne:Jules Verne,A Reader's Theater Script

Everything has a History:

1. Candy: History of Candy,a Webquest
Bundle: Everything has a History: Bundle: Everything has A History, Webquests
(each sold individually, too)(History of Pretzels, Shoes, Spring, Peanuts, Soccer, Chewing Gum, Why Study History, Candy)
Landmarks of the world:

1. World Landmarks(Webquest): World Landmarks,a Webquest
2. US Landmarks(Webquest): U.S. Landmarks, A Webquest
3. Mt. Everest (Webquest): Mt. Everest, A Webquest
4. Sir Edmund Hillary(Reading Passage): Sir Edmund Hillary, A Reading Passage

Test Your Knowledge Challenges:

1. World Capitals: World Capitals, Test Your Knowledge
2. US Landmarks: U.S. Landmarks, Test Your Knowledge
3. Maps and Geography: Maps and Geography, Test Your Knowledge
4. Women Trailblazers: Women Trailblazers, Test Your Knowledge
Learn about countries of the world: (France is coming by June)

Bundle on Countries of the WorldAll sold individually, too.

MATH and STEM Biographies:

1. Hypathia: Hypathia, Woman Mathematician
2. Ada Lovelace: Ada Lovelace, Woman Mathematician
4. Katherine Johnson: Katherine Johnson, STEM Biography
4. Marie Curie: Marie Curie, Stem Bio
Other Informative and Fun Activities:

1. Explore the Arctic(Webquest): Arctic, A Webquest
2. Explore Antarctica(Webquest): Antarctica, A Webquest
3. The 2024 Paris Summer Olympics are coming. Learn about the history of the famous games.Famous Games of Ancient Greece, A Webquest
4. Mummies of the World(Webquest): Mummies, A Webquest
5. Memorial Day is 5/31: Learn about the history of the American Flag with this webquest:American Flag, a Webquest

6. Learn about the Star Spangled Banner with this webquest: The History of the Star Spangled Banner, A Webquest

READINGS on Famous Women:Phillis Wheatley(poet),Aida De Acosta(first woman to fly a powered aircraft), Sojourner Truth(abolitionist, women's rights activist, author), Joan of Arc,Caroline Herschel, Mary Annings,Aglaonike(Greek Astronomer), Hypatia(First Known Woman Mathematician), Agnodice(First Female Doctor?), Enheduanna(First Known Poet), Sophie Brahe(Astronomer and Horticulturist of the Renaissance), Hildegard of Bingen (first musical play, write/abbess of the Middle Ages), Artemesia(Female Naval Commander-Persian War)

Click here:Gail's TpT Store

Bookmark Bios!Great for a bell ringer activity for Women's History Month.Click here to purchase:Bookmark Bios! Women in Modern Times(1700s on)
Check out FREEBIE of TWO Bookmark Bios:Sample of TWO Bookmark Bios

Use my THINGY letters to have kids write spelling words, vocabulary words or as an art activity! Have students try and guess what some of the THINGY Letters are.(also have Black/White option):ClipArt: Alphabet Thingy Letters!

Check out my series of Children's Books from Aadarsh Publishing!

  • Colour Fairies: Go Go's Flying Lesson
  • Colour Fairies: Yay Yay Gets Her Wand

  • Check out my blog on Education World: Click here:EducationWorld Blogger

    BUY MY READER'S THEATER SCRIPTS on my website. Pay with PayPal or Venmo and email me( of your purchase and I will email the resource by the next day. ALL my Reader's Theater Scripts are $4.00.

    My Latest Reader's Theater Scripts:Go to the link and click "Preview" to see a sample of the Reader's Theater Script you may find of interest:
  • The Vikings: A Visit with Erik the Red and Leif Eriksson:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Marco Polo
  • Columbus,a Reader's Theater Script
  • Ferdinand Magellan, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Louisa May Alcott, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Galileo Galilei, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Moon Landing!A Reader's Theater Script
  • Wright Brothers: A Reader's Theater Script
  • World War 2 FEMALE Pilots(WASP)
  • Frederick Douglass
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • Civil War: Women Soldiers, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Mathew Brady, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Crusades
  • Sir Isaac Newton, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Lewis and Clark: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Constitution: A Visit with James Madison, "Father of the Constitution: A Reader's Theater Script
  • A Visit with Joshua Crabtree,An American Revolutionary War Tory: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Charles Dickens: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Johnny Appleseed:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Albert Einstein: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Rachel Carson: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Katherine Johnson:Scientist/Mathematician
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • George Washington Carver: The Peanut Man
  • Thomas Edison, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Marie Curie,Scientist
  • Jacques Cousteau, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Revolutionary War Spies(Culper Spy Ring).A Visit with Female Agent 355
  • A California Gold Rush Prospector!
  • Elizabeth Blackwell, First Woman Doctor
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • William Shakespeare
  • Bessie Coleman,Aviator
  • Marian Anderson
  • Leonardo da Vinci,"Renaissance Man!"
  • Michelangelo!
  • Sacagawea
  • Sequoyah
  • Tuskegee Airman!
  • The Bus Ride That Changed History(A Visit with Rosa Parks)
  • Harriet Tubman

  • Simon,A Victim of the Black Death
  • Abraham Lincoln

  • Love Brewster,Interview with a Pilgrim

  • McSean, the Leprechaun, A Reader's Theater Script


    Stop Bullying!
    Click here to learn more about Anti-Bullying Activities to use in the classroom.Stand up to Bullying!

    To any young people visiting my website. Please,if you are being bullied, seek help...SPEAK TO AN ADULT today!And, if you SEE something that looks like bullying-SAY something to an adult!

    Check out my Pinterest page to see all my resources in one easy place!Click here to learn more:Gail's Social Studies Emporium(and More)

    IN THE NEWS 7/11/2024:

    Two girls joining a choir may not sound newsworthy until you learn that Lila,11, and Lois, 10, are the very first girls to sing in the St. Paul's Cathedral choir in 900 years! The grils, who attend the St. Paul's Cathedral School in London, England, have been in training since last fall but officially donned their white and black choir robes (called a surplice) at the end of June. Called choristers, the girls will join the boy members of the choir six evenings a week as well as during Sunday services and special occasions.

    Photograph from St.Paul's

    Scientists in China have discovered a moss, which lives in extreme environments such the Mojave Desert and the polar region of Antarctica. The researchers say their work has found that the moss, syntrichia caninervis, could actually thrive on the planet Mars. The "Red" planet has some pretty harsh conditions including extreme cold, dry conditions and levels of radiation that might make most plants unable to survive in such an environment. It is hoped that the moss can eventually be brought to either the moon or Mars for further study. Having plants that can live on Mars will make future manned missions to Mars more possible.

    Photograph from Pixabay

    Sadly, each year hundreds of rhino are killed especially for their horns. Some cultures in Asia say the horns have medical purposes. Over the years, different ideas have been used to save their dwindling numbers. One way was cutting off the horn so that poachers wouldn't kill these amazing animals for their horns. Now, scientists, in the country of South Africa, have come up with another idea. They are placing a tiny bit of radioactive into the Rhino horns. The radioactive material, in a chip, is a low enough dose that it isn't harmful to the rhino but makes the horn poisonous in human medicines. In South Africa alone, poachers killed 499 rhino in 2023.

    Learn more about the rhino at this link: Fun Rhino Facts! Photograph from pixabay

    What may be the OLDEST cave drawing ever found show a pig and three humans. Found in a cave in on the Indonesian island of South Sulawesi, the painting are estimated to be over 51,000 years old! That is over 5000 years older than the oldest cave previously found.

    Photograph from BBC News

    It has been over 5000 years since cattle has roamed an area of Sudan, in then Sahara Desert. Recently, some amazing rock carvings were found in an area called Atbai that show cattle. At one time, this area of the Sahara had grasslands and enough water that cattle could survive.

    From Goodnews network

    Two Frenchmen, Nicolas Barrioz and David Peyrou, biked into the Guinness World Records with the tallest rideable bike. The 25.5 inch high bike, took two years to construct . The rider, David, had to maintain a speed of 9-12 mph in order to keep his balance. Attached to a harness attached to a zip wire, David had to ride for 100 meters(328 ft.), not an easy thing, to qualify for the record bike ride. The event took place in Clermont-Ferrand, France, during a recent bicycle festival.


    Probably never thought about having a third thumb but imagine what you might be able to do if you did have one! Scientists in London have developed a 3D robotic thumb that can be printed and used to help people, especially those with disabilities, extend the capacity to carry things. The extra thumb straps around the wrist and uses tiny motors to help operate. What do you think?

    Photograph from Nicenews

    Photograph from Tampa Times

    The number of wild flamingos in Florida is on the rise. In the early 1900s, the pink birds, once in large numbers, disappeared from the state, due to loss of habitat and due to people killing the birds for their beautiful feathers. After Hurricane Idalia hit the Yucatan Peninsula, in 2023, many flamingos were "blown" back to the state of Florida and according to scientists, may have decided to stay! Thus far, at least 101 wild flamingos have been counted in Florida. Some people are hoping to replace the mockingbird, the state bird, with the flamingo. Learn about the flamingo:

    Bao Li(means treasure and energetic) and Qing Bao(meaning treasure in green mountains) will be coming to the United States sometime before the end of the year. The China Wildlife Conservation Association says the two year olds will signal a new "era of pandas diplomacy" between the two countries. Currently, three pandas that were in the United States (Mei Xiang, Tian Tian and cub Xiao Qi Ji),were sent back to China a few months ago causing lots of very disappointed children and adults. Bas Li and Qing Bas will find a new home at Washington's National Zoo, in Washington DC.The Giant Panda, native to only China, first came to the USA, in 1972 ,as a gift after President Nixon became the first president to visit China.

    Photograph from Pixabay


    Click here:Past News Stories

    About Gail:

    I retired from teaching after 33 1/2 years in the classroom. Of that time, I taught Grade 6 Social Studies teacher for 31 1/2 years.I earned my BA in early secondary education with a concentration in social studies from SUNY Oneonta, New York, and my MST in social studies education from Binghamton University in New York. In 1988, I was awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Classroom Teacher of the Year Award from the New York State Council for the Social Studies. Additionally, in 1988, I was also awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Teacher of the Year Award by the National Council for the Social Studies. I am the author of 8 books for teachers and over 35 books for children(Purple Turtle Series by Aadarsh Publishing and Odd History Series by Red Chair Press).

    My work has appeared in most children's publications including:
    Highlights for Children,News-O-Matic,Appleseed,,Scholastic's Super Science,,Scholastic's Science World,Jack and Jill,National Geographic World, Ranger Rick, Cobblestone, Faces, Muse Magazine,Contact Kids, US Kids,Action Magazine(Scholastic),Girls' Life,Boys' Life,American Girl, Instructor,Creative Classroom,Middle Years,Time for Kids,Scholastic News,Scholastic News Zone, Time for Kids , Ask Magazine, Dig,Calliope, Cobblestone, FACES, Studies Weekly, Glo Adventurer, and more.

    * Special thanks to EducationWorld for letting me use this image of my "alter ego" as Mrs. "Waffenschmidt!