Asian American and Pacific Islanders Heritage Month is in MAY.

World Ocean Day is in June

Our Flag/a>

FAKE News!Can you Tell The REAL News?

Rachel Carson, A Reader's Theater Script

A Bundle of Reader's Theater Scripts on Famous Women

William Shakespeare,a Reader's Theater Script(Birthday 4/23)

A Bundle of Readings on Famous Women

Ada Lovelace, First Computer Programmer(A Reading)

History of Candy, A Webquest!

Mesopotamia: A Bundle of Resources

Phoenicians, A Bundle of Resources

ALL Things Egyptian!

Revolutionary War Bundle

Civil War Bundle

Learn About Our Government Bundle

Writers: A Bundle of Reader's Theater Scripts

STEM BIographies! 6 Reader's Theater Scripts

STEM BIOGRAPHIES, Reader's Theater Scripts (Part 2)

Everything has a History!)*also sold individually

Civics:Learn about Our Government: A Bundle of Resources!

U.S. Landmarks!

World Landmarks!

My Book- Fashion Rules!

My Book-Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

Reader's Theater Scripts(Biographies in Ancient History):

Click here to learn more:Reader's Theater Scripts (Biographies in US History)


Is That FAKE News?

Anti-Bullying Resources

Need a quick activity?
Bell Ringers!

In the News!
Updated regularly

Mrs. Portulaca Purpilopilis

and the Purple Adventure Goggles


The Wooden Cookie Box Story The Wooden Cookie Box

DBQ Activities!

Facts to Wow your Friends!

World Landmarks: Lots of fun things to use with your students!

Teaching Ideas!


Geography Activities

Geography Ideas!

Purpleannie's Travels

Crossword Puzzles!

Short Reads of interest

Dive into Career Choices

Teaching Tips A-Z

Mrs. Waffenschmidt
Science Fun!




Landmarks from Around the World

Calender of Resources for the Year:

Mail Gail:
Mailbox Gail Hennessey

The official U.S. time - snapshot

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by The JavaScript Source


Germany,2019, Sunflowers(2022)
River Cruise,2022

Asian American and Pacific Islander(AAPI) Heritage Month(MAY): A Webquest:Asian American and Pacific Islander(AAPI)Heritage Month Webquest

Welcome to My Website for Educators!


Try doing an act of kindness for someone, today!



"If I can not do great things, I can do small things in a great way."Martin Luther King Jr.

"The school is the last expenditure upon which America should be willing to compromise."FDR

"If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest."(Ben Franklin)

"You must be the change you want to see in the world."(Mahatma Gandhi)

"School is a building that has four walls-with tomorrow inside."(Lon Watters)

"We know the future will outlast all of us, but I believe that all of us will live on in the future we make."(Senator Ted Kennedy)

"The purpose of life is a life of purpose." (Robert Byrne)

"The purpose of life is to amount to something and have it make some difference that you lived at all."(Dear Abby)

8/28/2021: Fashion Rules! was a finalist in the 2021 American Book Fest, Children's Picture Book: Hardcover Fiction. So Exciting!

7/2021: Fashion Rules! won Honorable Mention for Picture Books 6 and older by Purple Dragonfly Book Awards!

8/1/2020: My latest book, Fashion Rules!, my latest book from Red Chair Press. Click here:
Fashion Rules!

11/2020: Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps has won another children's book award,a Northern Lights Book Award Winner! Thank you!

7/2020:Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps won a 1st place Purple Dragonfly Book Award in the Picture Books 6 & Older category. Thank you, Story Monsters!

3/24/20:Excited to have my latest children's book, Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps, chosen as a 2019 Story Monster Approved winner!

Check out Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps which is available at and Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

History is full of fascinating stories of colorful characters, but some of the most interesting parts of history are really odd. You have probably seen scenes of government officials with their powdered white wigs, but in 1700s England and high-society in the American colonies, women created towering hairstyles. Decorations such as ships and flowers were sometimes added to their hairdos, especially if attending a big party. Taking hours to create, women used beef tallow and sugar-water to keep their hairdos in place. This fictional account explains a very real fashion trend and the problems it created for women trying to look stylish!

Highlighted FREEBIES for SUMMER:

1. Famous Games(for Paris 2024 Summer Olympics): Famous Games of Ancient Greece
2. Tour de France 2024: Tour De France 2024
3. Fake News: Fake News
4. Flag Freebie: Flag Freebie
5. Giraffe: Giraffe Freebie
6. Ice Cream: Ice Cream Fun Facts
7. World Ocean Day is June 8th:World Ocean Day Freebie


Why not try a play on a famous person in science, English literature and history? All plays are also sold separately.

Famous Writers:

1. Bundle of famous Writers: Famous Writers, Plays
2. Famous Women in History: Famous Women in History,Plays
3.Famous People in Science 1: Famous Scientists, Plays
4. Famous People in Science 2: Famous Scientists, Plays-More
5. Jules Verne:Jules Verne,A Reader's Theater Script

Everything has a History:

1. Candy: History of Candy,a Webquest
Bundle: Everything has a History: Bundle: Everything has A History, Webquests
(each sold individually, too)(History of Pretzels, Shoes, Spring, Peanuts, Soccer, Chewing Gum, Why Study History, Candy)
Landmarks of the world:

1. World Landmarks(Webquest): World Landmarks,a Webquest
2. US Landmarks(Webquest): U.S. Landmarks, A Webquest
3. Mt. Everest (Webquest): Mt. Everest, A Webquest
4. Sir Edmund Hillary(Reading Passage): Sir Edmund Hillary, A Reading Passage

Test Your Knowledge Challenges:

1. World Capitals: World Capitals, Test Your Knowledge
2. US Landmarks: U.S. Landmarks, Test Your Knowledge
3. Maps and Geography: Maps and Geography, Test Your Knowledge
4. Women Trailblazers: Women Trailblazers, Test Your Knowledge
Learn about countries of the world: (France is coming by June)

Bundle on Countries of the WorldAll sold individually, too.

MATH and STEM Biographies:

1. Hypathia: Hypathia, Woman Mathematician
2. Ada Lovelace: Ada Lovelace, Woman Mathematician
4. Katherine Johnson: Katherine Johnson, STEM Biography
4. Marie Curie: Marie Curie, Stem Bio
Other Informative and Fun Activities:

1. Explore the Arctic(Webquest): Arctic, A Webquest
2. Explore Antarctica(Webquest): Antarctica, A Webquest
3. The 2024 Paris Summer Olympics are coming. Learn about the history of the famous games.Famous Games of Ancient Greece, A Webquest
4. Mummies of the World(Webquest): Mummies, A Webquest
5. Memorial Day is 5/31: Learn about the history of the American Flag with this webquest:American Flag, a Webquest

6. Learn about the Star Spangled Banner with this webquest: The History of the Star Spangled Banner, A Webquest

READINGS on Famous Women:Phillis Wheatley(poet),Aida De Acosta(first woman to fly a powered aircraft), Sojourner Truth(abolitionist, women's rights activist, author), Joan of Arc,Caroline Herschel, Mary Annings,Aglaonike(Greek Astronomer), Hypatia(First Known Woman Mathematician), Agnodice(First Female Doctor?), Enheduanna(First Known Poet), Sophie Brahe(Astronomer and Horticulturist of the Renaissance), Hildegard of Bingen (first musical play, write/abbess of the Middle Ages), Artemesia(Female Naval Commander-Persian War)

Click here:Gail's TpT Store

Bookmark Bios!Great for a bell ringer activity for Women's History Month.Click here to purchase:Bookmark Bios! Women in Modern Times(1700s on)
Check out FREEBIE of TWO Bookmark Bios:Sample of TWO Bookmark Bios

Use my THINGY letters to have kids write spelling words, vocabulary words or as an art activity! Have students try and guess what some of the THINGY Letters are.(also have Black/White option):ClipArt: Alphabet Thingy Letters!

Check out my series of Children's Books from Aadarsh Publishing!

  • Colour Fairies: Go Go's Flying Lesson
  • Colour Fairies: Yay Yay Gets Her Wand

  • Check out my blog on Education World: Click here:EducationWorld Blogger

    BUY MY READER'S THEATER SCRIPTS on my website. Pay with PayPal or Venmo and email me( of your purchase and I will email the resource by the next day. ALL my Reader's Theater Scripts are $4.00.

    My Latest Reader's Theater Scripts:Go to the link and click "Preview" to see a sample of the Reader's Theater Script you may find of interest:
  • The Vikings: A Visit with Erik the Red and Leif Eriksson:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Marco Polo
  • Columbus,a Reader's Theater Script
  • Ferdinand Magellan, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Louisa May Alcott, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Galileo Galilei, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Moon Landing!A Reader's Theater Script
  • Wright Brothers: A Reader's Theater Script
  • World War 2 FEMALE Pilots(WASP)
  • Frederick Douglass
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • Civil War: Women Soldiers, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Mathew Brady, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Crusades
  • Sir Isaac Newton, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Lewis and Clark: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Constitution: A Visit with James Madison, "Father of the Constitution: A Reader's Theater Script
  • A Visit with Joshua Crabtree,An American Revolutionary War Tory: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Charles Dickens: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Johnny Appleseed:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Albert Einstein: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Rachel Carson: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Katherine Johnson:Scientist/Mathematician
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • George Washington Carver: The Peanut Man
  • Thomas Edison, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Marie Curie,Scientist
  • Jacques Cousteau, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Revolutionary War Spies(Culper Spy Ring).A Visit with Female Agent 355
  • A California Gold Rush Prospector!
  • Elizabeth Blackwell, First Woman Doctor
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • William Shakespeare
  • Bessie Coleman,Aviator
  • Marian Anderson
  • Leonardo da Vinci,"Renaissance Man!"
  • Michelangelo!
  • Sacagawea
  • Sequoyah
  • Tuskegee Airman!
  • The Bus Ride That Changed History(A Visit with Rosa Parks)
  • Harriet Tubman

  • Simon,A Victim of the Black Death
  • Abraham Lincoln

  • Love Brewster,Interview with a Pilgrim

  • McSean, the Leprechaun, A Reader's Theater Script


    Stop Bullying!
    Click here to learn more about Anti-Bullying Activities to use in the classroom.Stand up to Bullying!

    To any young people visiting my website. Please,if you are being bullied, seek help...SPEAK TO AN ADULT today!And, if you SEE something that looks like bullying-SAY something to an adult!

    Check out my Pinterest page to see all my resources in one easy place!Click here to learn more:Gail's Social Studies Emporium(and More)

    IN THE NEWS 5/23/2024:

    If you check out the 195 world flags, there is a color not found except on TWO world country flags. Did you guess the color purple? The reason dates back to ancient history when the color purple was very rare and very expensive. The people known as the Phoenicians (present day Lebanon) were credited with making the first purple dye. The dye, called Tyrian purple, was made by squeezing the gland of a tiny sea creature called the Murex snail , to obtain some of its secretions. It was estimated that over 10,000 snails had to be squeezed just to get a tiny amount of the coloring. For a time, the dye was worth more than a similar amount of gold! Purple became highly valued and becoming the color of royalty. The two countries with some purple on their flags are Dominica and Nicaragua. The most popular flag colors include red, white and blue. Flag from DailyMail

    Scientists from Binghamton University in Binghamton, NY(near me!) have made an interesting discovery about spiders. In addition to using their webs to trap prey, it seems the webs can be used as a type of speaker to hear what is happening around them. The webs blowing in the wind can detect sound pressure waves in the area. This ability can help spiders locate nearby prey Such a discovery may have applications for future microphone technology.

    Photograph from Pixabay

    A very well preserved kangaroo fossil(more than 71% or more than 150 bones) has been found in a deep cave in Australia. Thought to be an extinct species of kangaroo, called a Simosthenurus Occidentalis, the short-faced kangaroo hopped the Australian continent about 50,000 years ago. Originally found between boulders in a cave, it has taken ten years for the remains to carefully be removed. The team of paleontologists had to deal with spiders, bats and tight conditions to do their work.
    Photograph from Museums Victoria

    Scientists observed an orangutan with a wound on its face use a tropical plant to help heal himself. Called Rakus, the orangutan living in the wild in Indonesia, picked the leaves of a medicinal plant and chewed up the eaves and then using his fingers, placed the juices onto the wound. Rakus then used part of the plant as a type of bandage placing it onto the wound! Although rare, It isn't the first time a primate has been spotted making a medicinal ointment to heal themselves.

    Photograph from NPR

    Much of the coral reefs are endanger from pollution, overfishing and climate change. To help protect coral, a zoo in Netherlands, called the Burgers' Zoo, has started a "Noah's Ark" for coral species. Divers are collecting coral samples to preserve them as a back up. Coral grow extremely slowly so it will be years before the samples would be large enough to survive in the wild. Should there eventually be a need to replace coral which has become extinct, the coral growing in the "ark" could then be reintroduced to the oceans . There are similar seed banks in the world.

    Photograph from MSN

    Paleontologists have unearthed the fossilized vertebrae of a snake that lived about 47 million years ago in the country of India. From the size of the pieces of its 27 vertebrae, it is estimated the snake was about 50 ft. long, about the size of a school bus. Yikes! Originally found in a coal mine, back in 2005, excavation continued and the results have recently be released. Similar to the python and boas of today, the extinct snake is called Vasuki inidicus(the name for the serpent which is coiled around the Hindu god Shiva). As big as this ancient snake was, it isn't the record holder. Another snake fossil, called the Titanoboa, found in the country of Columbia, is believed to have been a bit larger. Personally, I am very happy that neither of these species of giant snakes are slithering around in my backyard.

    Photograph from CNN


    Click here:Past News Stories

    About Gail:

    I retired from teaching after 33 1/2 years in the classroom. Of that time, I taught Grade 6 Social Studies teacher for 31 1/2 years.I earned my BA in early secondary education with a concentration in social studies from SUNY Oneonta, New York, and my MST in social studies education from Binghamton University in New York. In 1988, I was awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Classroom Teacher of the Year Award from the New York State Council for the Social Studies. Additionally, in 1988, I was also awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Teacher of the Year Award by the National Council for the Social Studies. I am the author of 8 books for teachers and over 35 books for children(Purple Turtle Series by Aadarsh Publishing and Odd History Series by Red Chair Press).

    My work has appeared in most children's publications including:
    Highlights for Children,News-O-Matic,Appleseed,,Scholastic's Super Science,,Scholastic's Science World,Jack and Jill,National Geographic World, Ranger Rick, Cobblestone, Faces, Muse Magazine,Contact Kids, US Kids,Action Magazine(Scholastic),Girls' Life,Boys' Life,American Girl, Instructor,Creative Classroom,Middle Years,Time for Kids,Scholastic News,Scholastic News Zone, Time for Kids , Ask Magazine, Dig,Calliope, Cobblestone, FACES, Studies Weekly, Glo Adventurer, and more.

    * Special thanks to EducationWorld for letting me use this image of my "alter ego" as Mrs. "Waffenschmidt!