How Do We Elect a President?

Presidential Election FREEBIE(INA)

Click Here:Gail's Boom Cards

New Book: Fashion Rules!

New Book:Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

Click Here for catalog:Social Studies School Service/Resources for Teachers, Parents,counselors,more!
EbooksClick here for EBooks by Social Studies School Service!

Reader's Theater Scripts(Biographies in Ancient History):

Reader's Theater Scripts (Biographies in US History)

Click here to learn

Materials for experiential,active learners


Is That FAKE News?

Anti-Bullying Resources

Need a quick activity?
Bell Ringers!

In the News!
Updated regularly

Mrs. Portulaca Purpilopilis

and the Purple Adventure Goggles


The Wooden Cookie Box Story The Wooden Cookie Box

DBQ Activities!

Facts to Wow your Friends!

Calendar Specific Resources!

World Landmarks: Lots of fun things to use with your students!

Teaching Ideas!


Geography Activities

Geography Ideas!

Purpleannie's Travels

Crossword Puzzles!

Short Reads of interest

Dive into Career Choices

Teaching Tips A-Z

Mrs. Waffenschmidt
Science Fun!




Gail's Glimmerings

Mail Gail:
Gail Hennessey


DogoNews: Fodder for Young Minds

BBC Website for Kids

Purple Turtle EBOOKS!

Check out:
Award winning site for April 2008!

The official U.S. time - snapshot

Free JavaScripts provided
by The JavaScript Source


Munich, Germany,2019

Welcome to My Website for Educators!


The 100th Anniversary of the passing of the 19th Amendment giving Women the Right to Vote was in August!

Check out this Bundle(all resources also sold individually):Women's Suffrage, A Bundle of Resources

Learn about microorganisms including bacteria, fungi, protists and virus with this informative web quest. Students will also learn about famous people who work with microbes, including Louis Pasteur, Alexander Fleming, Joseph Lister, Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek and Edward Jenner. Students will also learn about helpful and harmful microbes. The web quest also mentions the coronavirus, has a Did You Know? section, comprehension questions and a Teacher Page with extension activities and links. There are 12 webquestions in the resource.
MICROBES! A Webquest

"If I can not do great things, I can do small things in a great way."Martin Luther King

Try doing an act of kindness for someone, today!

"The purpose of life is to amount to something and have it make some difference that you lived at all."(Dear Abby)

"Remember no one can make you feel inferior without your consent."

Eleanor Roosevelt


Free Guestmap from Free Guestmap from
Animated picture from:

8/1/2020: My latest book, Fashion Rules!, my latest book from Red Chair Press, is now available for purchase:
Fashion Rules!

7/2020:Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps won a 1st place Purple Dragonfly Book Award in the Picture Books 6 & Older category. Thank you, Story Monsters!

3/24/20:Excited to have my latest children's book, Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps, chosen as a 2019 Story Monster Approved winner!

Check out Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps which is available at and Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

History is full of fascinating stories of colorful characters, but some of the most interesting parts of history are really odd. You have probably seen scenes of government officials with their powdered white wigs, but in 1700s England and high-society in the American colonies, women created towering hairstyles. Decorations such as ships and flowers were sometimes added to their hairdos, especially if attending a big party. Taking hours to create, women used beef tallow and sugar-water to keep their hairdos in place. This fictional account explains a very real fashion trend and the problems it created for women trying to look stylish!


1. FREEBIE ON APPLE FACTS: This interactive notebook on Apples has several activities and 17 interesting fun facts about apples.Apple Facts INA
2. FREEBIE: CONSTITUTION Fun Facts!Learn some fun facts on the Constitution. Activity for Constitution Day! Each year, Constitution Day is celebrated on September 17th.Constitution Day Freebie
3. Mummy Facts:Amazing Mummy Facts
4.Antibullying:Antibullying Freebie INA
5. FAKE News:Fake News: Interactive Notebook Activity

6. Brain Awareness:BRAIN FACTS!

7. International Peace Day:(9/21)International Peace Day Freebie

8. World Rhino Day(9/22)Rhino Facts

9. Do You Have the Time?Time Recording Freebie

10. Tour de France: Tour de France

Highlighted Resources for SEPTEMBER:

  • 1. FAKE NEWS: The term FAKE News seems to be used a lot these days! A recent survey found that many young people(and adults for that matter) can't seem to determine which is a real news story from a fake news story. We need to develop digital critical literacy with our students so they can try and determine the difference BEFORE they hit send to all their friends. This Interactive Notebook activity also has extension activities: Fake NEWS! Resource

  • 2. Learn about the U.S. Constitution(Constitution Day is September 17th). Part of my Ms. Bie Ografee series of plays, this Reader's Theater Script is on the "Father of the Constitution", James Madson(1751-1836), and his sharing with students the history of the writing of the Constitution. Madison who would become the 4th President of the United States(1809-1817)), played a very important role in the forming of our US Constitution. In addition to being a delegate, he introduced the first additions to the Constitution(amendments) which came to be known as the Bill of Rights. With 13 audience questioners, a Did You Know Section, comprehension questions, a Teacher Page with extension activities, key and additional links, students will learn about the writing of our important government document, the Constitution. James Madison, Father of the Constitution, A Reader's Theater Script

  • 3.THINGY LETTERS: Fun clip art. Use my THINGY letters to have kids write spelling words, vocabulary words, to make Mother' s Day/Father's Day cards or as an art activity! Have students try and guess what some of the THINGY Letters are.Thingy Letters-Clip Art

  • 4. Johnny Appleseed: Part of my Ms. Bie Ografee Talk Show Series. This biographical Reader's Theater Script is on John Chapman, better remembered as Johnny Appleseed.There are 8 Audience Questioners in the complete resource. There are 12 Did You Know? fun facts about apples, 9 comprehension questions, a teacher page with 9 extension activities, the key and additional links of interest. Great for a Friday biography day, during a study on pioneers or a unit on apples! Johnny Appleseed Day is celebrated March 11th and/or September 26th.Johnny Appleseed, A Reader's Theater Script

  • 5.The Supreme Court starts its new session in October: Oyez, Oyez...Hear Ye, Hear Ye! The first Monday in October is the beginning of the new term of the Supreme Court. This web quest will introduce students to the Supreme Court. There are several extension activities and additional links as well as the key: Supreme Court, A Webquest

  • 6. Studying the American Revolution? Use this reading for kids to learn about what it was like to be a Tory during the American Revolutionary War. Joshua Crabtree(fictitious character) is a guest on Ms. Bie Ografee's Talk Show. The format of the Reader's Theater Script is that a studio audience asks questions of Ms. Bie Ografee's guest to learn what it was like to support the British and not the Patriots during the American Revolution. There are 10 questioners, A Did You Know? section, comprehension questions and a Teacher Page with extension activities and the key: Johnny Crabtree, a Tory during the Revolutionary War: Reader's Theater Script
  • Also have a Ms. Bie Ografee Talk Show play on Female Revolutionary Spies! Female Spies during Revolutionary War, A Reader's Theater Script READING on Heroine of the Battle of Cowpens:Heroine at Battle of Cowpens

    7. Show kids that EVERYTHING has a history, even Pens, Paper and Pencils! Great for a Friday or before a holiday or just if you want to show kids that history is everywhere: Pencils, paper, pens,we use them every day but what do you really know about them? Did you know that 2 billion pencils are made each year just in the United States? Did you know pencils were designed to have six sides to help prevent them from rolling off tables? Pens, Pens, Paper: Everything Has a History, Webquest
    Also have the history of CANDY, PRETZELS, CHEWING GUM, PEANUTS, TULIPS and SHOES.
  • 8. Great Back to School reading! Students always ask me,"Why do we have to learn this stuff about ancient Greeks or Middle Ages?"" My answer-much of what we have today was because of things developed by people that lived long ago.This reading activity shares with kids many things we have today thanks to previous cultures. I've included several comprehension questions and two extension activities. Why Study History, A Reading Passage

  • 9. This mini-unit on Early Humans/Prehistoric Cultures will assist the classroom teacher in presenting this topic of history to students.In addition to an overview and notes, lots of additional resources, websites and activities are also included which you will find of value. This resource also includes a web quest with 12 web questions.Prehistoric Man, A Webquest/Unit of Study

  • 10. Countries in Focus: Great for a Friday Activity, a substitute or if you are covering the areas in your units of study: TEN countries are in the bundle: Countries of the World, A Bundle of Resources(Webquests)

  • 11. World Landmarks and US Landmarks: World Landmarks, A Bundle of Resources and U.S. Landmarks, A Webquest
  • 12. Need information to use with your students on map skills? I would like to share my mini-unit on map skills with you. Included are notes, lots of activities to use with your students(4-8th grade) and website resources which I found helpful. Also included, a 10 question web quest, comprehension questions(and writing in the content area), and some fun facts on the topic of maps and geography of the world. Maps and Geography Webquest/Unit of Study

  • 13. Geographic Secret Messages: Need a geography activity? Try my geographic secret messages. Students find the answers to geographic questions and then use the first letter of the answer to arrive at a secret message. When the questions are answered, the "secret" term(a geography term) will be revealed! There are 5 geographic messages to solve. Secret Geography Messages and Geography Messages 2

  • 14. Mesopotamia, called the cradle of civilization, is where archaeologists have found the remains of the oldest historic people.People called the Sumerians, Babylonians, Chaldeans, Akkadians and Assyrians, all called the area home. These people left behind many ideas which we still have today. This unit of study includes notes, map work, a webquest, activities and resources. Mesopotamia

  • 15. This product covers an introduction to the Phoenicians and their contributions to the world(Alphabet,color purple, first sea traders).Notes, extension activities and links and several comprehension questions, too. Depending on how many activities you'd like to do, the mini unit could take 2-3 days.Several Common Core Standards in social studies as well as Language Arts are addressed. Learn about the Phoenicians!

  • 16. Learn all about mummies of the world. Included: Bog Mummies, Otzi, Chinchorro Mummies, Taklamakan Desert Mummies, Egyptian Mummies and more. 12 informative text questions/comprehension questions/extension activities, key, fun facts: Mummies! A Webquest

  • NEW:CHECK out my new BOOM Learning Store! I have created Boom Decks on World Landmarks, US Landmarks,Presidential Trivia,Famous Women, Maps/Geography,Everything has a History, Even Candy! and All Things Halloween.Gail Hennessey's Boom Cards.
    Boom Learning and Boom Cards are the trademarks of Boom Learning Inc.Used with permission.

    READINGS on Famous Women:Phillis Wheatley(poet),Aida De Acosta(first woman to fly a powered aircraft), Sojourner Truth(abolitionist, women's rights activist, author), Joan of Arc,Caroline Herschel, Mary Annings,Aglaonike(Greek Astronomer), Hypatia(First Known Woman Mathematician), Agnodice(First Female Doctor?), Enheduanna(First Known Poet), Sophie Brahe(Astronomer and Horticulturist of the Renaissance), Hildegard of Bingen (first musical play, write/abbess of the Middle Ages), Artemesia(Female Naval Commander-Persian War)

    Click here:Gail's TpT Store

    Bookmark Bios!Great for a bell ringer activity for Women's History Month.Click here to purchase:Bookmark Bios! Women in Modern Times(1700s on)
    Check out FREEBIE of TWO Bookmark Bios:Sample of TWO Bookmark Bios

    Use my THINGY letters to have kids write spelling words, vocabulary words or as an art activity! Have students try and guess what some of the THINGY Letters are.(also have Black/White option):ClipArt: Alphabet Thingy Letters!

    Check out my series of Children's Books from Aadarsh Publishing!

  • Colour Fairies: Go Go's Flying Lesson
  • Colour Fairies: Yay Yay Gets Her Wand

  • Check out my blog on Education World: Click here:EducationWorld Blogger

    My Latest Reader's Theater Scripts:Go to the link and click "Preview" to see a sample of the Reader's Theater Script you may find of interest:
  • Louisa May Alcott, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Galileo Galilei, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Moon Landing!A Reader's Theater Script
  • Wright Brothers: A Reader's Theater Script
  • World War 2 FEMALE Pilots(WASP)
  • Frederick Douglass
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • Civil War: Women Soldiers, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Mathew Brady, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Crusades
  • Sir Isaac Newton, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Lewis and Clark: A Reader's Theater Script
  • The Vikings: A Visit with Erik the Red and Leif Eriksson:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Constitution: A Visit with James Madison, "Father of the Constitution: A Reader's Theater Script
  • A Visit with Joshua Crabtree,An American Revolutionary War Tory: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Charles Dickens: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Johnny Appleseed:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Albert Einstein: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Rachel Carson: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Katherine Johnson:Scientist/Mathematician
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • George Washington Carver: The Peanut Man
  • Thomas Edison, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Marie Curie,Scientist
  • Jacques Cousteau, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Revolutionary War Spies(Culper Spy Ring).A Visit with Female Agent 355
  • A California Gold Rush Prospector!
  • Elizabeth Blackwell, First Woman Doctor
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • William Shakespeare
  • Bessie Coleman,Aviator
  • Marian Anderson
  • Leonardo da Vinci,"Renaissance Man!"
  • Michelangelo!
  • Sacagawea
  • Sequoyah
  • Tuskegee Airman!
  • The Bus Ride That Changed History(A Visit with Rosa Parks)
  • Harriet Tubman

  • Simon,A Victim of the Black Death
  • Marco Polo
  • Abraham Lincoln

  • Love Brewster,Interview with a Pilgrim

  • McSean, the Leprechaun, A Reader's Theater Script

    Imagine going up into the sky on 52 large helium filled weather balloons. That’s what David Blaine, illusionist, did on September 2nd, flying him into the record books. Blaine soared 4.5 miles up over Page, Arizona, reaching about 24,900 ft. That is about the level jets cruise in the sky. Blaine had to learn how to sky dive and get a hot air balloon pilot certificate in order to able to do his balloon flight. With oxygen levels getting low, Blaine using his parachute and came back to earth traveling at a speed of 125 mph. Photograph from

    Free Guestmap from Free Guestmap from


    I remember the saying "Sticks and stones may break your bones but names can never hurt you". Personally, I never thought this to be true. Words are very powerful and negative words can hurt-a lot! Each day, thousands of young people experience some sort of bullying, either in words and/or actions. These two sites have great resources which might be of help to classroom teachers, parents and young people:
    Stop Bullying!
    Click here to learn more about Anti-Bullying Activities to use in the classroom.Stand up to Bullying!

    To any young people visiting my website. Please,if you are being bullied, seek help...SPEAK TO AN ADULT today!And, if you SEE something that looks like bullying-SAY something to an adult!

    Check out my Pinterest page to see all my resources in one easy place!Click here to learn more:Gail's Social Studies Emporium(and More)

    IN THE NEWS: 09/15/2020:

    In Russia, near the Sea of Okhotsk, a very different seal was spotted. An albino seal is extremely rare, but this little guy has a tint of orange. The pup was spotted by a biologist named Vladimir Burkanov. The orange puff ball is active and looks healthy. The biologist nicknamed him the "Ugly Duckling" because he stands out as unique among the group.Photograph from Boredpanda

    Maya Gabeira(Portugal) surfed into the record books for riding a whopper of a wave. She rode a 73.5 ft. wave at Praia do Norte, Portugal, known for its massive waves. The surfing event was held in February but the height of the wave was just determined. The record for a male surfer is currently 80 ft. by Rodrigo Koxa(Brazil) in 2020.

    Photograph from CBSsports

    Archaeologist have recently discovered 13 wooden coffins in Egypt. Found at Saqqara, where the Djoser step pyramid is located, the coffins are completely sealed and are believed to date back 2500 years. Since many tombs have been robbed, these coffins, being unopened, makes this discovery a rare find. The coffins, found stack on top of one another, were found in a 40 ft. deep well. The coffins are in excellent condition. Red, white, bold, blue and black colored designs are still visible. Additionally, archaeologists say there are three other sealed compartments which may have other coffins.

    Photograph from

    A four year study found a most unusual method to protect grazing cows from attacks by leopard, lions, hyenas and cheetahs. Paint EYES on their rear ends! Cattle ranchers, in Botswana, were having their roaming cattle attack at night by predators. Biologists did an experiment.Some of the cattle had two Xs painted on their backsides, others were given big eyes and the rest had nothing painted on their backsides. Those 683 cows with the painted eyes were left alone, making it a very inexpensive method for farmers to protect their herd of cattle. It is thought that the lions and other predators thought they were being stared down by the cows! The idea came about by the University of New South Wales after seeing that the eyespots on some butterflies(and birds) seems to lessen attacks by predators. The painted rear end eyes also are beneficial to the big cats as the farmers don't hunt them down in retaliation for their harming the cows. Win win for all.

    Photo from

    Imagine going up into the sky on 52 large helium filled weather balloons. That's what David Blaine, illusionist, did on September 2nd, flying him into the record books. Blaine soared 4.5 miles up over Page, Arizona, reaching about 24,900 ft. That is about the level jets cruise in the sky. Blaine had to learn how to sky dive and get a hot air balloon pilot certificate in order to able to do his balloon flight. With oxygen levels getting low, Blaine using his parachute and came back to earth traveling at a speed of 125 mph.WOW!

    Photograph from


    Click here:Past News Stories

    "The school is the last expenditure upon which America should be willing to compromise."FDR
    "If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest."(Ben Franklin)
    "You must be the change you want to see in the world."(Mahatma Gandhi)
    "School is a building that has four walls-with tomorrow inside."(Lon Watters)
    "We know the future will outlast all of us, but I believe that all of us will live on in the future we make."(Senator Ted Kennedy)
    "The purpose of life is a life of purpose." (Robert Byrne)

    Special thanks to EducationWorld for letting me use this image of my "alter ego" as Mrs. "Waffenschmidt!

    About Gail:

    I have retired from teaching after 33 1/2 years in the classroom. Of that time, I taught Grade 6 Social Studies teacher for 31 1/2 years.I earned my BA in early secondary education with a concentration in social studies from SUNY Oneonta, New York, and my MST in social studies education from Binghamton University in New York. In 1988, I was awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Classroom Teacher of the Year Award from the New York State Council for the Social Studies. Additionally, in 1988, I was also awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Teacher of the Year Award by the National Council for the Social Studies. I am the author of 8 books for teachers and over 30 books for children(Purple Turtle Series by Aadarsh Publishing). In 2019, my new series of three books, "Odd History" will be published by Red Chair Press.

    My work has appeared in most children's publications including:
    Appleseeds,Scholastic's Super Science,Scholastic's Science World,Highlights for Children,Jack and Jill,National Geographic World, Ranger Rick, Cobblestone, Faces, Muse Magazine,Contact Kids, US Kids,Action Magazine(Scholastic),Girls' Life,Boys' Life,American Girl, Instructor,Creative Classroom,Middle Years,Time for Kids,Scholastic News,Scholastic News Zone, Time for Kids , Ask Magazine, Dig,Calliope, Cobblestone, FACES, Studies Weekly, Glo Adventurer, and more.