Remember Our Soldiers

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Reader's Theater Scripts(Biographies in Ancient History):

Reader's Theater Scripts (Biographies in US History)

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Materials for experiential,active learners

Is That FAKE News?

Just How Do We Elect A President?

Just What is this word called IMPEACHMENT?

Anti-Bullying Resources

Need a quick activity?
Bell Ringers!

In the News!
Updated regularly

Mrs. Portulaca Purpilopilis

and the Purple Adventure Goggles


The Wooden Cookie Box Story The Wooden Cookie Box

DBQ Activities!

Facts to Wow your Friends!

Calendar Specific Resources!

World Landmarks: Lots of fun things to use with your students!

Teaching Ideas!


Geography Activities

Geography Ideas!

Purpleannie's Travels

Crossword Puzzles!

Short Reads of interest

Dive into Career Choices

Teaching Tips A-Z

Mrs. Waffenschmidt
Science Fun!




Gail's Glimmerings

Mail Gail:
Gail Hennessey


DogoNews: Fodder for Young Minds

BBC Website for Kids

Purple Turtle EBOOKS!

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Award winning site for April 2008!

The official U.S. time - snapshot

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Welcome to My Website for Educators!


"If I can not do great things, I can do small things in a great way."Martin Luther King

Try doing an act of kindness for someone, today!

"The purpose of life is to amount to something and have it make some difference that you lived at all."(Dear Abby)

"Remember no one can make you feel inferior without your consent."

Eleanor Roosevelt


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Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

Very excited that my latest book from Red Chair Press will be published in December,2019. Pre orders are now available at and Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

History is full of fascinating stories of colorful characters, but some of the most interesting parts of history are really odd. You have probably seen scenes of government officials with their powdered white wigs, but in 1700s England and high-society in the American colonies, women created towering hairstyles. Decorations such as ships and flowers were sometimes added to their hairdos, especially if attending a big party. Taking hours to create, women used beef tallow and sugar-water to keep their hairdos in place. This fictional account explains a very real fashion trend and the problems it created for women trying to look stylish!

IN THE NEWS: IMPEACHMENT. Use this resource to introduce students to this topic.Click here:What is This Word Called "Impeachment"?

Freebies for OCTOBER:

  • 1. Fake News:FAKE News, a FREEBIE!

  • 2. Apple Fun Facts:Apple Fun Facts, Interactive Notebook Activity
    3. Halloween. This possible Interactive Notebook activity is a fun activity to use around Halloween! There are 12 Fun Facts about the holiday with several activities to do with the students.Halloween: Interactive Notebook Activity
    4. FALL means PUMPKINS.The world record in 2017 seems to have stayed the same. However, the North America record for a pumpkin has increased by about 100 pounds. A man in the state of Washington has grown a pumpkin that tipped the scale at 2363 pounds! Pumpkin Facts: Interactive Notebook Activity
    5. Ancient Egypt and mummy go together like peanut butter and jelly! Halloween is also a great time to discuss mummies. This resource includes lots of mummy facts as well as extension activities and great resources! MUMMIES!: Interactive Notebook Activity
    6. Vikings:Vikings: Interactive Notebook Activity

    Highlighted Resources for OCTOBER

    1. The first Monday in October is the beginning of the new term of the Supreme Court. This web quest will introduce students to the Supreme Court. There are several extension activities and additional links as well as the key: Supreme Court, A Webquest

    2. Orange Game: Looking for a Friday activity? Something for your students to do with a substitute or following testing time? Maybe you'd like a learning challenge for over the summer months.Check out my ORANGE Game. There are 24 statements and several extensions. This resource challenges kids about their knowledge of all things ORANGE. Great for a fall activity! I also have other Color Games: RED, GREEN, BLUE , PURPLE and YELLOW.Orange Game!

    3.Columbus: A Reader's Theater Script:Learn about Christopher Columbus with this informative play. There are 10 questioners asking questions of Columbus. Additionally, comprehension questions and discussion questions are included. Columbus: A Reader's Theater Script

    4.In this story, "Purple and the Pumpkin Race",Purple, Zing and Squirty are exciting about participating in the annual pumpkin race. After they carve out their pumpkin to sail, the race begins. Sounds like lots of fun but something goes very wrong!Purple Turtle and the Pumpkin Race

    5. Halloween Webquest:With 12 informational web questions, this resource is just the thing to use as a learning tool about the holiday of Halloween. Bats, Owls, pumpkins, the human skeleton, the origin of Halloween, superstitions, and famous stories in literature, are covered. There are comprehension questions, lots of fun facts, extension activities(including writing in the content area), and additional links for teachers:Halloween: A Webquest

    6. ALL Mummy Webquest: Kids love mummies. Great for Halloween time(or for a unit of study on ancient Egypt) Learn all about mummies of the world. Included: Bog Mummies, Otzi, Chinchorro Mummies, Taklamakan Desert Mummies, Egyptian Mummies and more. 12 informative text questions/comprehension questions/extension activities, key, fun facts: MUMMIES!A Webquest

    7. King Tut: Learn about King Tut. Practice oral reading fluency in Language Arts with this biographical reader's theater on King Tut.Learn lots of cool facts about mummies and the discovery of King Tut's tomb. Comprehension/discussion questions/ extension activities,Great for informative text/listening standards.Great for a unit on ancient Egypt, around Halloween or as a fun/informative Friday activity.King Tut: A Reader's Theater Script

    8. Pumpkin Webquest: Did someone say pumpkin pie?This 10 web question web quest has several comprehension questions(lots of extension activities). Great for LA classes, a fall activity, or for a substitute lesson! Pumpkins: A Webquest

    9. Hispanic Heritage Month is September-October: Check out this web quest on Hispanic Heritage:Hispanic Heritage Month,A Webquest

    10 This Reader's Theater Script introduces kids to fairy tale writer,Hans Christian Andersen.His story, The Ugly Duckling, some say was actually about him. Great activity for Anti-Bullying Month in October to go along with reading of this fairytale. Grades 4 and up.Comprehension questions, discussion questions, extension activities and resources are included.Hans Christian Andersen, A Reader's Theater Script

    11. Vikings: Leif Eriksson Day is October 9th.There are different spellings for his name.Studying the Vikings? Looking for a Reader's Theater Script in Social Studies? Check out this script on the Vikings and Leif Ericsson and his father, Erik the Red. Part of my Ms. Bie Ografee Talk Show Series of plays, Leif Ericsson and his father, Eric the Red are guests on Ms. Bie Ografee's Talk Show. They share information about their lives and the Vikings. There is a Did You Know? section of fun facts, reading comprehension questions and a teacher section with lots of extension activities, links and the key. Vikings: Leif and Red,A Reader's Theater Script

    12. Johnny Appleseed: Part of my Ms. Bie Ografee Talk Show Series. This biographical Reader's Theater Script is on John Chapman, better remembered as Johnny Appleseed. He is know for his kindness toward other people and all living creatures, his efforts in conservation and the many apple trees he started during his life.There area 8 Audience Questioners in the complete resource. There are 12 Did You Know? fun facts about apples, 9 comprehension questions, a teacher page with 9 extension activities, the key and additional links of interest. Johnny Appleseed Day is celebrated : March 11th and/or September 26th. Johnny Appleseed, A Reader's Theater Script

    13. History of Candy: Use this web quest to show students that EVERYTHING has a history, even candy! History of Candy, A Webquest

    14. Diwali:Diwali(Oct.27th)

    READINGS on Famous Women:Phillis Wheatley(poet),Aida De Acosta(first woman to fly a powered aircraft), Sojourner Truth(abolitionist, women's rights activist, author), Joan of Arc,Caroline Herschel, Mary Annings,Aglaonike(Greek Astronomer), Hypatia(First Known Woman Mathematician), Agnodice(First Female Doctor?), Enheduanna(First Known Poet), Sophie Brahe(Astronomer and Horticulturist of the Renaissance), Hildegard of Bingen (first musical play, write/abbess of the Middle Ages), Artemesia(Female Naval Commander-Persian War)

    Click here:Gail's TpT Store

    Bookmark Bios!Great for a bell ringer activity for Women's History Month.Click here to purchase:Bookmark Bios! Women in Modern Times(1700s on)
    Check out FREEBIE of TWO Bookmark Bios:Sample of TWO Bookmark Bios

    Use my THINGY letters to have kids write spelling words, vocabulary words or as an art activity! Have students try and guess what some of the THINGY Letters are.(also have Black/White option):ClipArt: Alphabet Thingy Letters!

    Check out my series of Children's Books from Aadarsh Publishing!

  • Colour Fairies: Go Go's Flying Lesson
  • Colour Fairies: Yay Yay Gets Her Wand

  • Check out my blog on Education World: Click here:EducationWorld Blogger

    My Latest Reader's Theater Scripts:Go to the link and click "Preview" to see a sample of the Reader's Theater Script you may find of interest:
  • Galileo Galilei, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Moon Landing!A Reader's Theater Script
  • Wright Brothers: A Reader's Theater Script
  • World War 2 FEMALE Pilots(WASP)
  • Frederick Douglass
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • Civil War: Women Soldiers, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Mathew Brady, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Crusades
  • Sir Isaac Newton, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Lewis and Clark: A Reader's Theater Script
  • The Vikings: A Visit with Erik the Red and Leif Eriksson:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Constitution: A Visit with James Madison, "Father of the Constitution: A Reader's Theater Script
  • A Visit with Joshua Crabtree,An American Revolutionary War Tory: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Charles Dickens: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Johnny Appleseed:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Albert Einstein: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Rachel Carson: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Katherine Johnson:Scientist/Mathematician
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • George Washington Carver: The Peanut Man
  • Thomas Edison, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Marie Curie,Scientist
  • Jacques Cousteau, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Revolutionary War Spies(Culper Spy Ring).A Visit with Female Agent 355
  • A California Gold Rush Prospector!
  • Elizabeth Blackwell, First Woman Doctor
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • William Shakespeare
  • Bessie Coleman,Aviator
  • Marian Anderson
  • Leonardo da Vinci,"Renaissance Man!"
  • Michelangelo!
  • Sacagawea
  • Sequoyah
  • Tuskegee Airman!
  • The Bus Ride That Changed History(A Visit with Rosa Parks)
  • Harriet Tubman

  • Simon,A Victim of the Black Death
  • Marco Polo
  • Abraham Lincoln

  • Love Brewster,Interview with a Pilgrim

  • McSean, the Leprechaun, A Reader's Theater Script

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    I remember the saying "Sticks and stones may break your bones but names can never hurt you". Personally, I never thought this to be true. Words are very powerful and negative words can hurt-a lot! Each day, thousands of young people experience some sort of bullying, either in words and/or actions. These two sites have great resources which might be of help to classroom teachers, parents and young people:
    Stop Bullying!
    Click here to learn more about Anti-Bullying Activities to use in the classroom.Stand up to Bullying!

    To any young people visiting my website. Please,if you are being bullied, seek help...SPEAK TO AN ADULT today!And, if you SEE something that looks like bullying-SAY something to an adult!

    Check out my Pinterest page to see all my resources in one easy place!Click here to learn more:Gail's Social Studies Emporium(and More)

    IN THE NEWS TODAY:10/9/2019:

    In Japan, black cows are having a tough time dealing with horseflies that land and bit them. Researching the fact that zebras don’t seem to have the problem that the cows had with flies, scientists applied white paint(animal friendly) and turned a number of cows into "zebra cows".Farmers were using pesticides to cut down on the flies but the flies developed a resistance to the pesticides. Besides, pesticides are not eco-friendly. The experiment used two groups of three cows. Two painted like zebras, two others with black stripes and two were left in their natural state. The flies didn't land on the white areas so the amount of fly bites was cut in half! The downside to the experiment is that the paint would have to be reapplied after a few weeks.

    There are LOTS of different flavors of ice cream but a woman in Ecuador may have come up with the strangest flavor yet. She sells guinea pig flavored ice cream. In the country of Ecuador(Peru, Bolivia and Columbia, too), the guinea pig is a traditional food dish, usually served with peanut sauce and potatoes. Using a basic ice cream recipe, she made a pate from boiling guinea pig meat. A puree of fruit ,such as passion fruit, is added. The ice cream is served with sprinkles and has become a popular ice cream treat for the people of Quito, Ecuador! Some say the ice cream takes like chicken. What do you think? Would you eat guinea pig flavored ice cream?

    A baby zebra foal, born at the Maasai Mara National reserve in Kenya, is very unique. Instead of the usual stripes, "Tira", named for the guide that first spotted the baby zebra, has polka dots! The condition, called pseudomelanism, is very rare. Sadly, being unique in a herd of other stripped zebras, will make Tira stand out to predators. It is believed the last sighting of a polka dotted zebra was in 1977.

    Photograph from

    At these librarians you don't check out a book, you check out a person! Begun in Denmark in 2000, the idea of human libraries have now spread to over 70 countries, including the United States. The purpose is to encourage people to learn about different issues from those with first had knowledge of the topic. For example, wonder what it is like to be a refugee? The best way is to talk with someone who is a refugee. Like a real library, you need to "check" out your human. Mostly temporary, although there are now several permanent human libraries in the world, the basic library rule still applies. Return your human on time and in the same condition you received it!

    Would you WEAR your chair? A company has developed a "wearable chair" that attaches to your rear end. While walking, the aluminum legs hangs behind you. A pad is also clipped around your waist. When you need to take a break and sit, the device turns into a chair! Developers say the device also helps with back pain.

    Photo from the

    Scientists say there are less tweets by birds because there are 3 billion less birds than 50 years ago! A study was conducted in the United States and Canada and found the cause of this massive decline is largely environmental. Pesticides and loss of habitat are two of the reasons. Which are your favorite species of birds? What do you think could be done to protect bird populations?

    Photo from


    Click here:Past News Stories

    "The school is the last expenditure upon which America should be willing to compromise."FDR
    "If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest."(Ben Franklin)
    "You must be the change you want to see in the world."(Mahatma Gandhi)
    "School is a building that has four walls-with tomorrow inside."(Lon Watters)
    "We know the future will outlast all of us, but I believe that all of us will live on in the future we make."(Senator Ted Kennedy)
    "The purpose of life is a life of purpose." (Robert Byrne)

    Special thanks to EducationWorld for letting me use this image of my "alter ego" as Mrs. "Waffenschmidt!

    About Gail:

    I have retired from teaching after 33 1/2 years in the classroom. Of that time, I taught Grade 6 Social Studies teacher for 31 1/2 years.I earned my BA in early secondary education with a concentration in social studies from SUNY Oneonta, New York, and my MST in social studies education from Binghamton University in New York. In 1988, I was awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Classroom Teacher of the Year Award from the New York State Council for the Social Studies. Additionally, in 1988, I was also awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Teacher of the Year Award by the National Council for the Social Studies. I am the author of 8 books for teachers and over 30 books for children(Purple Turtle Series by Aadarsh Publishing). In 2019, my new series of three books, "Odd History" will be published by Red Chair Press.

    My work has appeared in most children's publications including:
    Appleseeds,Scholastic's Super Science,Scholastic's Science World,Highlights for Children,Jack and Jill,National Geographic World, Ranger Rick, Cobblestone, Faces, Muse Magazine,Contact Kids, US Kids,Action Magazine(Scholastic),Girls' Life,Boys' Life,American Girl, Instructor,Creative Classroom,Middle Years,Time for Kids,Scholastic News,Scholastic News Zone, Time for Kids , Ask Magazine, Dig,Calliope, Cobblestone, FACES, Studies Weekly, Glo Adventurer, and more.