Keep the Learning Going(Summer)!Everything has a History!)*also sold individually

Keep the Learning Going(Summer)World Landmarks!

World Giraffe Day is 6/21!

Keep the Learning Going(Summer)World Landmarks,BOOM CARDS!

FAKE News!Can you Tell The REAL News?

New Book: Fashion Rules!

New Book:Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

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Click Here for catalog:Social Studies School Service/Resources for Teachers, Parents,counselors,more!

Reader's Theater Scripts(Biographies in Ancient History):
Reader's Theater Scripts (Biographies in US History)

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Is That FAKE News?

Anti-Bullying Resources

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Bell Ringers!

In the News!
Updated regularly

Mrs. Portulaca Purpilopilis

and the Purple Adventure Goggles


The Wooden Cookie Box Story The Wooden Cookie Box

DBQ Activities!

Facts to Wow your Friends!

World Landmarks: Lots of fun things to use with your students!

Teaching Ideas!


Geography Activities

Geography Ideas!

Purpleannie's Travels

Crossword Puzzles!

Short Reads of interest

Dive into Career Choices

Teaching Tips A-Z

Mrs. Waffenschmidt
Science Fun!




Landmarks from Around the World

Calender of Resources for the Year:

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Gail Hennessey

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"Remember no one can make you feel inferior without your consent."

Eleanor Roosevelt

"If I can not do great things, I can do small things in a great way."Martin Luther King Jr.

"The school is the last expenditure upon which America should be willing to compromise."FDR

"If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest."(Ben Franklin)

"You must be the change you want to see in the world."(Mahatma Gandhi)

"School is a building that has four walls-with tomorrow inside."(Lon Watters)

"We know the future will outlast all of us, but I believe that all of us will live on in the future we make."(Senator Ted Kennedy)

"The purpose of life is a life of purpose." (Robert Byrne)

"The purpose of life is to amount to something and have it make some difference that you lived at all."(Dear Abby)

My latest article just came out in the January issue of Highlights for Children! I interviewed Sunniva Sorby and Hilde Falun Strom, two women Arctic Explorers(first female team to solo at the North Pole). After a brutal winter and having to extend their time at the pole due to the Coronavirus, Sunniva and Hilde returned home after 14 months. WOW,these two brave citizen scientists have since RETURNED to the Arctic for another winter at the Arctic to observe and collect data.

8/1/2020: My latest book, Fashion Rules!, my latest book from Red Chair Press, is now available for purchase:
Fashion Rules!

11/2020: Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps has won another children's book award,a Northern Lights Book Award Winner! Thank you!

7/2020:Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps won a 1st place Purple Dragonfly Book Award in the Picture Books 6 & Older category. Thank you, Story Monsters!

3/24/20:Excited to have my latest children's book, Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps, chosen as a 2019 Story Monster Approved winner!

Check out Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps which is available at and Mrs. Paddington and the Silver Mousetraps

History is full of fascinating stories of colorful characters, but some of the most interesting parts of history are really odd. You have probably seen scenes of government officials with their powdered white wigs, but in 1700s England and high-society in the American colonies, women created towering hairstyles. Decorations such as ships and flowers were sometimes added to their hairdos, especially if attending a big party. Taking hours to create, women used beef tallow and sugar-water to keep their hairdos in place. This fictional account explains a very real fashion trend and the problems it created for women trying to look stylish!

Highlighted FREEBIES for JUNE:

1. World Ocean Day is 6/8:Ocean Fun Facts
2. Famous Games of Ancient Greece:(SUMMER 2021 in Japan) Famous Games of Ancient Greece Fun Facts
3. World Giraffe Day is June 21st. Giraffe Fun Facts
4. Brain Factoids: Brain Fun Facts
5. Color Me Amazed( Fun facts about colors):Color Fun Facts
6. Cool Facts about Ice Cream: Ice Cream Fun Facts
7. Fake News: Teaching Digital Critical Literacy: Fake News: INA

Highlighted Resources for JUNE:

1.With Flay Day coming in June, check out myFlag Day Webquest.AMERICAN FLAG: A Webquest Star Spangled Banner Webquest Francis Scott Key and the Star Spangled Banner: A Webquest
2. End of the Year Activity: Learn about some of the famous landmarks around the world. This web quest includes: Uluru Rock, Great Wall of China, Machu Picchu, Mt. Everest, Dead Sea, Rock of Gibraltar, Great Pyramid, Suez Canal. Stonehenge, Sahara Desert,Abu Simbel, Easter Island and Angkor Wat. There are comprehension questions and several extension activities: World Landmarks: A Webquest
3.Taj Mahal:Explore World Landmarks are great to introduce kids to some popular world landmarks around the world. .With writing in the content area, the short activities can also be used in Language Arts classes, too! About one page of reading, discussion questions,mapskill activity and extension activities.Taj Mahal: A Reading Activity
4.Eiffel Tower:Explore World Landmarks introduce kids to some popular world landmarks. About one page of reading, discussion questions, mapskill activity and extension activities all help students learn some informative facts about famous world landmarks in the world. Eiffel Tower, A Reading Activity
5.Uluru(Ayers Rock):Explore World Landmarks are great to introduce kids to some popular world landmarks around the world. Great for a Friday activity, for social studies/LA classes or when you are going to have a substitute. About one page of reading, discussion questions,mapskill activity and extension activities all help students learn some informative facts about famous world landmarks in the world. Ayers Rock(Uluru)
6. Learn about the Statue of Liberty with this web quest:State of Liberty: A Webquest
7. Everything has a History(shoe, peanuts, candy, chewing gum, tulips, pretzels, soccer(football): Everything Has A History: A Bundle of Resources

8. Readings in History: George Washington and the Camel:
George Washington and the Camel: A Reading Activity John Adams Swims the Potomac: John Quincy Adams Takes a Swim: A Reading Activity Calvin Coolidge and the Pennsylvania Avenue Zoo: Calvin Coolidge and the White House Zoo> Thomas Jefferson and the Mammoth Cheese: Thomas Jefferson and the Mammoth Cheese

READINGS on Famous Women:Phillis Wheatley(poet),Aida De Acosta(first woman to fly a powered aircraft), Sojourner Truth(abolitionist, women's rights activist, author), Joan of Arc,Caroline Herschel, Mary Annings,Aglaonike(Greek Astronomer), Hypatia(First Known Woman Mathematician), Agnodice(First Female Doctor?), Enheduanna(First Known Poet), Sophie Brahe(Astronomer and Horticulturist of the Renaissance), Hildegard of Bingen (first musical play, write/abbess of the Middle Ages), Artemesia(Female Naval Commander-Persian War)

Click here:Gail's TpT Store

Bookmark Bios!Great for a bell ringer activity for Women's History Month.Click here to purchase:Bookmark Bios! Women in Modern Times(1700s on)
Check out FREEBIE of TWO Bookmark Bios:Sample of TWO Bookmark Bios

Use my THINGY letters to have kids write spelling words, vocabulary words or as an art activity! Have students try and guess what some of the THINGY Letters are.(also have Black/White option):ClipArt: Alphabet Thingy Letters!

Check out my series of Children's Books from Aadarsh Publishing!

  • Colour Fairies: Go Go's Flying Lesson
  • Colour Fairies: Yay Yay Gets Her Wand

  • Check out my blog on Education World: Click here:EducationWorld Blogger

    My Latest Reader's Theater Scripts:Go to the link and click "Preview" to see a sample of the Reader's Theater Script you may find of interest:
  • Louisa May Alcott, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Galileo Galilei, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Moon Landing!A Reader's Theater Script
  • Wright Brothers: A Reader's Theater Script
  • World War 2 FEMALE Pilots(WASP)
  • Frederick Douglass
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • Civil War: Women Soldiers, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Mathew Brady, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Crusades
  • Sir Isaac Newton, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Lewis and Clark: A Reader's Theater Script
  • The Vikings: A Visit with Erik the Red and Leif Eriksson:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Constitution: A Visit with James Madison, "Father of the Constitution: A Reader's Theater Script
  • A Visit with Joshua Crabtree,An American Revolutionary War Tory: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Charles Dickens: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Johnny Appleseed:A Reader's Theater Script
  • Albert Einstein: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Rachel Carson: A Reader's Theater Script
  • Katherine Johnson:Scientist/Mathematician
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • George Washington Carver: The Peanut Man
  • Thomas Edison, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Marie Curie,Scientist
  • Jacques Cousteau, A Reader's Theater Script
  • Revolutionary War Spies(Culper Spy Ring).A Visit with Female Agent 355
  • A California Gold Rush Prospector!
  • Elizabeth Blackwell, First Woman Doctor
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • William Shakespeare
  • Bessie Coleman,Aviator
  • Marian Anderson
  • Leonardo da Vinci,"Renaissance Man!"
  • Michelangelo!
  • Sacagawea
  • Sequoyah
  • Tuskegee Airman!
  • The Bus Ride That Changed History(A Visit with Rosa Parks)
  • Harriet Tubman

  • Simon,A Victim of the Black Death
  • Marco Polo
  • Abraham Lincoln

  • Love Brewster,Interview with a Pilgrim

  • McSean, the Leprechaun, A Reader's Theater Script


    I remember the saying "Sticks and stones may break your bones but names can never hurt you". Personally, I never thought this to be true. Words are very powerful and negative words can hurt-a lot! Each day, thousands of young people experience some sort of bullying, either in words and/or actions. These two sites have great resources which might be of help to classroom teachers, parents and young people:
    Stop Bullying!
    Click here to learn more about Anti-Bullying Activities to use in the classroom.Stand up to Bullying!

    To any young people visiting my website. Please,if you are being bullied, seek help...SPEAK TO AN ADULT today!And, if you SEE something that looks like bullying-SAY something to an adult!

    Check out my Pinterest page to see all my resources in one easy place!Click here to learn more:Gail's Social Studies Emporium(and More)

    IN THE NEWS:6/12/2020:

    The answer to how many oceans are on the planet, has for some time, been four. Not anymore. National Geographic has officially recognized the waters around Antarctica as the fifth ocean. Called the Southern Ocean, it is defined by the currents that are around it. All the other oceans are defined by the continents that touch them. NG made their announcement on World Oceans Day, June 8 and unveiled a new map showing the five oceans. Many oceanographers have felt that the Southern Ocean is simply an extension of the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Since 1999, the US Board on Geographic Names has recognized the Southern Ocean. Illustration from DailyMail.

    A whopper of a dinosaur discovery has been made in Australia. The length of a BASKETBALL court, the "australotitan cooperensis", is the largest dinosaur ever found in Australia and one of the 5 largest dinosaurs to roam the planet. Paleontologists say it lived about 96 million years ago and measured up to 98 ft. long and 21.3 ft. high(from the hip). It is estimated the sauropod, a plant eater, nicknamed the "southern titan" would have tipped the scales at about 163,000 pounds. Found back in 2007, on a cattle ranch, in Queensland, it has just been reported this week.

    Illustration from Dailymai

    In a swamp on the island of New Guinea, scientists have found a yummy species of frog. The frog, about 3 inches long, is chocolate colored and has been named the "chocolate frog"". Found in crocodile infested waters, the frog with big black eyes is actually called Litoria mira ("surprised" or "strange" in the language of Latin) and is related to the green tree frog native to Australia.

    Photograph from Livesscience

    Scientists studying the suction power of elephants, made an interesting discovery. One 7400 pound elephant, named Kelly, showed that elephants use suction to pick of items with their trunks. Kelly successful suctioned up a thin tortilla chip without breaking it!

    Photograph from scienceshowforkids

    What may be the largest drawing in the world has been found in India. Huge man-made spiral shapes were found in the Thar Desert and extend for more than seven miles. The discovery was originally discovered back in 2016 using Goggle Earth. It isn't sure who or when the drawings were made but the lines are thought to be at least 150 years old.

    Photographs from dailymail.
    What do you know about the country of India?Learn about the country of India

    Thought to be approximately 2000 years older than Egypt's oldest pyramids, amazing stone structures, called mustatils, are found in the country of Saudi Arabia. There are about 1000 huge stone rectangular shapes and scientists have determined their age to be about 7000 years old. All similar in shape, some are more than 1500 ft.long. It isn't known who constructed the mustatils but the stone structures may have some religious significance. Some muscatels were found to have bones and horns of sheep, cattle and gazelles.

    Photograph from nbcnews. Learn about the country of Saudi Arabia:Saudi Arabia

    n a couple of days the ship would be docking in New York harbor. Sadly, the next day, after the message was thrown into the ocean, the Titanic hit an iceberg and most passengers, including Mathilde and her family perished. The bottle was found near the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Scientists are trying to determine if the message in a bottle is authentic, using carbon dating. There WAS a family onboard the Titanic with a daughter named>Photograph from

    Scientists that study viruses(virology) in Netherland have trained about 150 bees, known for their keen sense of smell, to detect the odor of Covid. Using a conditioning technique, the bees received a reward of sugar water when they correctly sniffed out the virus. The trained bees can detect the Covid virus in only a matter of seconds.

    About Gail:

    I have retired from teaching after 33 1/2 years in the classroom. Of that time, I taught Grade 6 Social Studies teacher for 31 1/2 years.I earned my BA in early secondary education with a concentration in social studies from SUNY Oneonta, New York, and my MST in social studies education from Binghamton University in New York. In 1988, I was awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Classroom Teacher of the Year Award from the New York State Council for the Social Studies. Additionally, in 1988, I was also awarded the Outstanding Elementary Social Studies Teacher of the Year Award by the National Council for the Social Studies. I am the author of 8 books for teachers and over 30 books for children(Purple Turtle Series by Aadarsh Publishing). In 2019, my new series of three books, "Odd History" will be published by Red Chair Press.

    My work has appeared in most children's publications including:
    Appleseeds,Scholastic's Super Science,Scholastic's Science World,Highlights for Children,Jack and Jill,National Geographic World, Ranger Rick, Cobblestone, Faces, Muse Magazine,Contact Kids, US Kids,Action Magazine(Scholastic),Girls' Life,Boys' Life,American Girl, Instructor,Creative Classroom,Middle Years,Time for Kids,Scholastic News,Scholastic News Zone, Time for Kids , Ask Magazine, Dig,Calliope, Cobblestone, FACES, Studies Weekly, Glo Adventurer, and more.

    * Special thanks to EducationWorld for letting me use this image of my "alter ego" as Mrs. "Waffenschmidt!